A group of African intellectuals has written an open letter criticising the NATO-led military attacks on Libya, saying Africa ran the risk of being re-colonised.
"Nato has violated international law... they had a regime change agenda," said one of the signatories, University of Johannesburg head of politics, Chris Landsberg.
"The re-colonisation of Africa is becoming a real threat," he told reporters in Johannesburg.
Landsberg said Britain, France and United States "continue to act as a rogue states".
"A rogue is an errant state that does not live by rules... the tragedy is that they are not likely to be charged in the International Criminal Court."
The Security Council also "repudiated the rule of international law" by ignoring the role of legitimate regional institutions in solving conflict.